Well done! You must have made a good decision, since you are about to read this article; you are about to start an organic garden! Need some advice on how to begin?
Make a plan!
First, look at your garden during the day. Where is it sunny? Where are the shady areas that perhaps just get a glimpse of sunlight?
If you plan to grow organic vegetables, choose the sunny patches for them. Most vegetables need a lot of sun to grow well, whilst you can find many perennial flowers that grow well in the shady areas of the garden.
So the ground rule is: vegetables in the sun, and flowers in the shade. But do use the perennials that also want the sun together with your veggies, they will look great together.
Now it is time to put your shovel in the ground and take a look at your soil. You need to decide whether it is mostly muddy or sandy, and see if different parts of your garden have different kinds of soil.
Adding organic matter to your sandy soil is the very best way to improve it. The compost pile will provide you with free soil improvement. Having a compost pile in your organic garden is absolutely essential, so if you don’t have one, start one. However, if you are currently out of compost you can of course buy your soil conditioning. Cow-dung is great, it will bring nutrients as well as organic matter to your soil. Peat is good if you don’t overdo it, to much will cause a low pH-value in your soil.
Your soil will improve over time if you remember to add organic matter every spring.
Soil heavy with clay holds water too well, and needs something to improve drainage. It is tempting to add some find sand, but don’t do that, as it will make great concrete together with your muddy soil. Makes it hard for the veggies to grow in… Instead add coarse sand or even gravel, that will do the trick.
Shovel after shovel of organic matter will make wonders with your muddy as well as your sandy soil. It will get porous and give the earth worms plenty to eat and thereby airing your soil.
It is tempting to use a rototiller since it is fast and seemingly efficient. However, it will spread some of the weeds by shredding the roots into pieces that will turn into more plants, huh. The earth worms will also thank you if you instead take the old shovel and simply dig two shovels deep.
Finally, you can start to rake and the sow whatever it is your heart desires (and will go well in your region). To stop any problems almost before they arise, visit your garden every day and look for bugs and other disturbances.
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